Emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) acute ischemic stroke is a time-sensitive disease.
To describe our experience with artificial intelligence (AI) for automated ELVO detection and its impact on stroke workflow.
We conducted a retrospective chart review of code stroke cases in which VizAI was used for automated ELVO detection. Patients with ELVO identified by VizAI were compared with patients with ELVO identified by usual care. Details of treatment, CT angiography (CTA) interpretation by blinded neuroradiologists, and stroke workflow metrics were collected. Univariate statistical comparisons and linear regression analysis were performed to quantify time savings for stroke metrics.
Six hundred and eighty consecutive code strokes were evaluated by AI; 104 patients were diagnosed with ELVO during the study period. Forty-five patients with ELVO were identified by AI and 59 by usual care. Sixty-nine mechanical thrombectomies were performed.
Median time from CTA to team notification was shorter for AI ELVOs (7 vs 26 min; p<0.001). Door to arterial puncture was faster for transfer patients with ELVO detected by AI versus usual care transfer patients (141 vs 185 min; p=0.027). AI yielded a time savings of 22 min for team notification and a 23 min reduction in door to arterial puncture for transfer patients.
AI automated alerts can be incorporated into a comprehensive stroke center hub and spoke system of care. The use of AI to detect ELVO improves clinically meaningful stroke workflow metrics, resulting in faster treatment times for mechanical thrombectomy.